In these respects they were types of the Christian's warfare. They have wandered forty years in the wilderness under Moses leadership, and are facing two significant changes. Those must be dismissed and sent back again whose private affairs called for their attendance at home (Deuteronomy 20:5-7), or whose weakness and timidity unfitted them for service in the field, Deuteronomy 20:8,9. (See Exodus chapter 24.) Cloudflare Ray ID: 603aed66feb9411a Sometimes a siege would last for years. Biblical Commentary Deuteronomy 30:15-20 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: The Israelites are in Moab, east of the Dead Sea. 1. When you besiege a city for a long time: When an army surrounded a city during a siege, the army would forage around the countryside for supplies. Bible commentary on the Book of Deuteronomy, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. < Deuteronomy 19 Deuteronomy Chapter List Deuteronomy 21 > Audio 20 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God is with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 20:18 How can this be done by a loving God? And when the LORD your God delivers it into your hands, you shall strike every male in it with the edge of the sword. b. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 20:19. And he told them … Deu 20:14 - Deu 20:15 - Deu 20:16 - Deu 20:17 “completely destroy them.” The Canaanite nations had been genetically corrupted by Nephilim, and could not be godly or redeemed. Peace to be offered, What cities were to be devoted. Deuteronomy 20 English Standard Version (ESV) Laws Concerning Warfare 20 “When you go out to war against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and an army larger than your own, you shall not be afraid of them, for the Lord your God is with you, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt. And what man is there who is betrothed to a woman and has not married her? Deuteronomy 20:1-2 God understands the effect of "mob psychology." (Verse 10-20.) In the wilderness beyond the Jordan, the Israelites listen as their prophetic leader, Moses, describes the kind of people they have become: a people formed in the crucible of covenant, a people who are made and unmade by the grace and ferocity of … Continue reading "Commentary on Deuteronomy 30:15-20" Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Cross references. [For information on the Nephilim, see commentary on Genesis 6:2 and Genesis 6:4]. In the spiritual army of God, He only wants willing, brave soldiers. By Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Biblical interpretation) STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY … 2. If the city would agree to terms of peace, then they should come to an agreement. When you go near a city to fight against it, then proclaim an offer of peace to it. It is important to note that God gave instructions to Israel on how to conduct war. These principles are reflected in the ancient Christian teachings regarding just war. They had to take a long-term view (one good for the ecology) and see that their immediate need for wood was less important than the long-term good of the area. Today is decision day. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. 9:4 and a third in Gen. 15:12-21 Directions Concerning War; Persons Excused from War. Today is decision day. 1451.) It’s time to make a choice. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. In Deuteronomy, Moses gives f... Watch our overview video on the book of Deuteronomy, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Commentary for Deuteronomy 20. (b.c. The story of Gideon (Judges 7) is a powerful illustration of this; Gideon started with an army of 32,000, but it was too big – so he sent home those who were afraid, and 22,000 left! God did not deny that the enemies of Israel would usually have more horses, chariots, and people than Israel. St-Takla.org > bible > commentary > en > ot > matthew-henry > deuteronomy Contact St-Takla.org website You can contact us through this form, or directly … Relating to the soldiers. Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man eat of it. But the women, the little ones, the livestock, and all that is in the city, all its spoil, you shall plunder for yourself; and you shall eat the enemies’ plunder which the LORD your God gives you. Audio. Commentary on Deuteronomy 20:1-9 (Read Deuteronomy 20:1-9) In the wars wherein Israel engaged according to the will of God, they might expect the Divine assistance. Words in boxes are from the Bible. One is that Moses will soon die, without having entered the Promised Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Deuteronomy 20:19 Or down to use in the siege, for the fruit trees are for the benefit of people. Slavery (Deuteronomy 15:12-18) Bribery and Corruption (Deuteronomy 16:18-20) Obeying Decisions of Courts of Law (Deuteronomy 17:8-13) Using Authority Justly (Deuteronomy 17:14-20… But when they were disobedient, or not trusting, they could never win – even if they had superior forces. Commentary for Deuteronomy 20 Exhortation and proclamation respecting those who went to war. They have wandered forty years in the wilderness under Moses leadership, and are facing two significant changes. Needing wood for building and fuel, it would be common for the besieging army to cut down trees in the area around the city. There, not only was Israel not to offer peace to the cities, but they were also to destroy everything, not only the adult males. They might just make the others fearful also! (1-9) Peace to be offered, What cities were to be devoted. Deuteronomy 20:10-20. You can check these in your browser security settings. One is that Moses will … The culture of the Canaanites was so corrupt – socially, morally, and spiritually – that God considered it irredeemable, and ripe for judgment. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. When you are on the verge of battle: At this critical time, it was the job of the priest to encourage the soldiers to trust in God. We must love him, and delight in communion with him This commandment, repeated through Moses and Joshua in various ways and times during the exodus and conquest, has been the object of tremendous criticism by enemies of Biblical theism. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL. c. It shall be placed under tribute to you: The conquered city would be made a tribute city to Israel, subservient to the nation of Israel. Going to War 20 When you go to war against your enemies and see horses and chariots and an army greater than yours, do not be afraid of them, because the Lord your God, who brought you up out of Egypt, will be with you. b. Only the trees which you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down: However, God commanded Israel against cutting down trees for food when they besieged a city. Deuteronomy 17:14-20 New International Version (NIV) The King 14 When you enter the land the Lord your God is giving you and have taken possession of it and settled in it, and you say, “Let us set a king over us like all the nations around us,” 15 be sure to appoint over you a king the Lord your God chooses. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with The problem moderns have with this type of text usually involve an ethical outrage. You shall let nothing that breathes remain: The previous commands regarding warfare did not apply to the upcoming conquest of Canaan. Proclaim an offer of peace: It was important that Israel did not fight unnecessarily. c. You shall plunder for yourself: Plunder provided the wages for the army in ancient warfare and underwrote the expenses for the battle. Deuteronomy 20:1. (10) When thou comest nigh . B. Read Deuteronomy 20 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments Deuteronomy 28:20. David Guzik commentary on Deuteronomy 10, where God commands the giving of the new tablets of the law, and so recovers the nations rebellion at Mount Sinai. < Deuteronomy 19 Deuteronomy Chapter List Deuteronomy 21 >. It cannot be conducted in any way conceivable or in any way that might bring victory. There is need of precept upon precept to this purport, as there is here: Let not your hearts be tender (so the word is), to receive all the impressions of fear, but let a believing confidence in the power and promise of God harden them. d. Who brought you up from the land of Egypt: Israel was also given evidence for faith. www.easyenglish.bible. But it was still too big, so God had him send home 7,700 more, so he only had an army of 300 to fight against a Midianite army of 135,000! An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Deuteronomy. Biblical Commentary Deuteronomy 18:15-20 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: In the verses that immediately precede our lectionary reading (vv. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. c. For the LORD your God is with you: Yet, Israel was given a reason to not fear. You shall strike every male: It was simply understood in the ancient world that any surviving male would be a perpetual enemy of the people who had conquered his city. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. You can find the best commentary on Deuteronomy for you using the tools on the right side. This commentary on Deuteronomy meets and exceeds the high standards of the Old Testament Library series. In the wilderness beyond the Jordan, the Israelites listen as their prophetic leader, Moses, describes the kind of people they have become: a people formed in the crucible of covenant, a people who are made and unmade by the grace and ferocity of … Continue reading "Commentary on Deuteronomy 30:15-20" And some of the *Amorites lived in *Canaan (Deuteronomy 7:1; 20:17). (10-20)1-9 In the wars wherein Israel engaged according to the will of God, they might expect the Divine assistance. 9-14) Yahweh says, "When you have come into the land which Yahweh your God gives you, you shall not learn to do after the abominations of those nations" (v. This commandment, repeated through Moses and Joshua in various ways and times during the exodus and conquest, has been Deuteronomy 22:5 “A woman must not wear men’s clothing, nor a man wear women’s clothing, for the Lord your God detests anyone who does this.” Explanation and Commentary on Deuteronomy 22:5 We live in troubled Richard D. Nelson provides readers with an exceptional commentary on Deuteronomy in this edition of the Old Testament Library series. His emphasis on critical interaction provides interpreters with many avenues for proper exegesis. The Common English Bible translation stays close to the Hebrew wording: “life and what’s good versus … Continue reading "Commentary on Deuteronomy 30:15-20" Thus you shall do to all the cities which are very far from you, which are not of the cities of these nations. When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, do not be afraid of them; for the LORD your God is with you, who brought you up from the land of Egypt. They could trust Him as they went into battle because He had proven Himself mighty and faithful before. The … You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. i. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. You shall besiege it: Typically, a walled city was conquered by use of the siege. When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, do not be afraid of them; for the LORD your God is with you, who brought you up from the land of Egypt. And it shall be that if they accept your offer of peace, and open to you, then all the people who are found in it shall be placed under tribute to you, and serve you. You can read through all of Deuteronomy 20 below.Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular Deuteronomy 20 verse. As Paul said it in Romans 8:31: If God is for us, who can be against us? Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. These principles show that, despite the use of physical armaments, Israel was still to look to God for victory (Deuteronomy 20: 1-9 Deuteronomy 20: 1-9 [1] When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses, and chariots, and a people more than you, be not afraid of them: for the LORD your God is with … Do not be afraid of them: Despite the clear danger, they also had a clear command from God to not fear. When you go out to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hand, and you take them captive, and you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and desire her and would take her for your wife, then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall shave her head and trim her nails. As Moses’ third speech in the book of Deuteronomy winds down, our passage calls for a selection between two options: life and death. Though the priests were not normally to go into battle themselves (they were not numbered among the fighting men of Israel, Numbers 1:47-53), the priests still had an important job when Israel went to war – to spiritually teach and encourage the soldiers! Deuteronomy 20:5 let him go; Deuteronomy 20:11 tributaries; Deuteronomy 20:16 save alive nothing. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. (Deuteronomy 29:2 – 30:20) 453 The oath of the covenant (29:2-21) 454 Future generations of idolaters (29:22-29) 461 Restoration to the covenant (30:1-10) 466 The call for a decision (30:11-20) 470 16. Deuteronomy 20:17 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them. Biblical Commentary Deuteronomy 18:15-20 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: In the verses that immediately precede our lectionary reading (vv. Commentary for Deuteronomy 20 Exhortation and proclamation respecting those who went to war. a. When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, Who brought you up from the land of Egypt, The LORD your God is He who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you, What man is there who has built a new house and has not dedicated it, What man is there who is fearful and fainthearted, When the officers have finished speaking to the people, Make captains of the armies to lead the people, When you go near a city to fight against it, You shall let nothing that breathes remain, Lest they teach you to do according to their abominations which they have done for their gods, Only the trees which you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Punishment of a Rebellious Son; Burial of Malefactors. —Not as the children of Dan did, who massacred the inhabitants of Laish without warning (Judges 18:27-28).Even in the wars of Joshua, the cities that “stood still in their strength” were generally spared (Joshua 11:13). 1451.) Prisoners of war were often not taken in ancient warfare; enemies were simply killed. Philip Smith. God As Commander Moses now discusses the principles governing warfare. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. . There were many times when God gave specific instructions which would supersede these normal instructions, such as with the battle of Jericho or the conquest of Canaan in general. There are a few horrific sieges described in the Scriptures, such as a siege of Samaria in 2 Kings 6:24-33. b. So it shall be, when you are on the verge of battle, that the priest shall approach and speak to the people. 31:30-32:52: Deuteronomy 10: Deuteronomy 22: Deuteronomy 33: Deuteronomy 11: Deuteronomy 23: i. Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular Deuteronomy 20 verse. What man is there who has built a new house and has not dedicated it: God first told the officers of the army of Israel to send home all the soldiers who had unfinished business at home: a home he has not used, a vineyard he has not harvested, or an engaged woman he has not married – let them go home. Deuteronomy 20 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. Deuteronomy 30:20 by loving the LORD your God, by obeying His voice, and by holding fast to Him; for this is your life and the length of your days, that you may live in the land which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham Deuteronomy 20:8 In battle there is a kind of "mob psychology." Yet God gave him the victory. We may request cookies to be set on your device. 20 When you go to war against your enemies and see horses and chariots and an army greater than yours, do not be afraid of them, because the Lord your God, who brought you up out of Egypt, will be with you. A. To God, the size of the army wasn’t important; the heart of the army was far more important. Deu 20:18 - Deu 20:19 - Deu 20:20 - c. When the officers have finished speaking to the people: God was perfectly willing to use those who were left after the officers had excused all of those under the previous two conditions. Love and Obey the *LORD your God. The *covenant was about the 10 commands (Deuteronomy 5:6-21; Exodus 20:1-17). SIEGES. b. The spiritual and practical preparation of the army. Deuteronomy 20:4. a. 1. (b.c. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Chapter 20 is a description of how Israel was to conduct holy war, which is a war done in the name of God, commanded by God, the rules controlled by God, for the glory of God (cf. Deuteronomy 20 – Instructions Concerning Warfare A. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. (Verse 1-9.) Commentary on Deuteronomy Purchase a Hardcopy! i. 20:1-20; 21:10-14; 23:9-14; 24:5; 25:17-19). Charge them not to be afraid (Deuteronomy 20:3), for nothing weakens the hands so much as that which makes the heart tremble, Deuteronomy 20:3. You can also change some of your preferences. But of the cities of these peoples which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance, you shall let nothing that breathes remain alive, but you shall utterly destroy them: the Hittite and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, just as the LORD your God has commanded you, lest they teach you to do according to all their abominations which they have done for their gods, and you sin against the LORD your God. 2. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. b. (1-9) Peace to be offered, What cities were to be devoted. Those must be encouraged that were drawn up to battle, Deuteronomy 20:1-4. Deuteronomy 20 Commentary, this commentary, spanning 23 volumes, covered the entire Bible with verse by verse exposition b. There are, in God’s way of doing things, rules for war. Deuteronomy Chapter 20 Summary. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. proclaim peace. This whole chapter deals with the holy war that Israel was about to wage against the kingdoms of Canaan, and there are also some special instructions applicable to war against distant cities, envisioning a time when Israel, secure in its own boundaries, would be involved in war with nations outside the boundaries of Canaan.